DFG Project DFG Initiative of Excellence e-Conversion Cluster II

DFG Initiative of Excellence e-Conversion Cluster:
Solid Liquid Interfaces
Breaking the scaling relations in electrocatalysis by creating controlled, dynamic artificial strain

Aim of the project / Overview

Solid-liquid interfaces are central elements in (photo-)electro-catalytic energy conversion concepts and electrochemical energy storage systems underlying, for instance, low-temperature electrolyzers, fuel cells and conven­tional Li-ion batteries. The complex intercorrela­tions of inter­fa­cial liquid structure and elementary processes like catalytic electron or ion transfer reactions pose a particular challenge for understanding and con­trolling these electrified interfaces on an atomic scale.

At present, this delays rational advances over prominent limitations such as poor selectivities in the generation of chemical fuels, the reliance on rare or toxic catalyst/battery materials for instance in proton-exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cells, and chemical instabilities leading to the formation of a self-passivating SEI of uncontrolled morphology in Li-ion batteries. The lack of insight limits our ability not only to discover new combinations of electrode materials and liquid electrolytes, but also to take advantage of the exciting possibilities in exploring and utilizing the enzyme-resembling properties of 3D nano­structures that become increasingly accessible by top-down and bottom-up morphological shaping of the interface.

Only a dramatically improved molecular-level understanding of the specific solvent/ion/reactant/solid inter­actions and long-range dielectric screening, i.e. of the nature and dynamics of the electrochemical double layer, will lead to the required transformational progress. This progress is expected, e.g., to enable insight-based development of new electrolyte proper­ties, tailoring the nature of the solid surface by doping, as well as its structure by sculpting or generation of local nano-confinements, all aiming to design an optimum interface for the targeted processes and functionalities.

Publications 
 
Funding and Duration
Project identifier: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)
Duration: Förderzeitraum: 2020-11-01  –  2023-10-31
Cooperation Partners
DFG Programme Clusters of Excellence (ExStra)
Applying institution: Technische Universität München (TUM)
Arcisstraße 21
80333 München
Co-applicant institution: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
Geschwister-Scholl-Platz 1
80539 München
Participating institution: Max-Planck-Institut für Chemische Energiekonversion (CEC)
Stiftstraße 34-36
45470 Mülheim
Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung (MPI-FKF)
Heisenbergstraße 1
70569 Stuttgart

Further Information
Contact: Prof. Alessio Gagliardi
Prof. Aliaksandr Bandarenka
Homepage: Simulation of Nanosystems for Energy Conversion
TUM Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Homepage
https://www.dfg.de/
https://www.e-conversion.de/